Article 5215

Title of the article

NATURE AND CONDITIONS OF USING SOVIET CHILDREN’S AND ADOLESCENTS’ LABOR IN GERMANY DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

Authors

Garazha Natalia Alekseevna, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of philosophy, history and law, Novorossiysk branch of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (56 Vidova street, Novorossiysk, Russia), ngarazha@yandex.ru

Index UDK

94(430).086 «1941/1945»

Abstract

Background. The problem of using Soviet citizens’ labor in the interest of the German war economy appears to be one of the pressing in the national historiography. In the spectrum of issues, including the delivery, the nature of exploiting and life organization of eastern workers, a particular importance is paid to the analysis of Soviet children’s and adolescents’ sojourn in the given conditions.
Materials and methods. The symbiosis of historical-genetic and system techniques allowed to consider the dynamics of the situation of children and adolescents regarding punitive measures of the German authorities, the attitude of German population thereto. It seems that this approch complements the semantic understanding of the processes taking place in the life of the Soviet people deported to Germany, including the conditions undertaken by the Nazis «racial» policy.
Results. Considering this age group of ostarbeiters in comparison with adults, regarding the circumstances of work quotaand remuneration, organization of everyday life, it appears evident that there were neither gender and age differences nor easing by the Nazi authorities. This once again illustrates the nature of the regime of the Third Reich and its objectives, the attitude to the world and man.
Conclusions. Socio-cultural and psychological characteristics of children and adolescents, specifics of communication both in the reference group, and with representatives of the opposing party, significantly affected the understanding of the situation of withdrawal from homes and forced labor for the enemy. TheGerman propaganda activities on educational recoding of Soviet children and adolescents had no success because of its hypocrisy, as well as due to the spiritual integrity of the younger generation of Soviet citizens, mobility and readiness for life challenges.

Key words

Ostarbaiter, eastern workers, the Great Patriotic War, children, adolescents, the Third Reich, exploitation of labor.

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Дата создания: 26.10.2015 09:31
Дата обновления: 26.10.2015 10:20